DIY barbecue - step by step instructions with a photo. Barbecue options from different materials: brick, metal.
One of the most wonderful ways to spend weekends or holidays is outdoor recreation. Pastime in the fresh air is necessarily accompanied by active games, interesting conversations, and, of course, delicious food.
Cooking kebabs, ribs or fish is considered an invariable part of the picnic, you can use standard folding grills on the road, but if you own a country house or cottage, it will be much more convenient to install a barbecue once on your site, and it will serve as a favorite place for cooking for a long time. delicious food on vacation.
If you have a question: “How to make a barbecue?”, Study the tips, instructions and recommendations below that will help you quickly and easily build this structure on the land.
The main advantage of this outdoor oven is its versatility, it will allow you to cook in the open air not only the usual barbecue, but also juicy steaks, steaks, bake any fish, various vegetables, dry mushrooms, berries, herbs, fruits, cook pilaf, soup, etc. . Installing a barbecue with a smokehouse at the cottage will allow you to enjoy smoked meat, seafood or fish.
The design of the barbecue is an ideal combination of the main advantages of the barbecue, grill-grill and smokehouse, which makes this oven as efficient and effective as possible:
- it is equipped with a back wall, this allows hot air to be evenly distributed throughout the entire internal volume, to ensure that the optimum temperature is maintained inside;
- the provided chimney perfectly copes with the removal of unnecessary smoke from the cooking place;
- The combustion process is carried out in a specially equipped firebox. This advantage makes using the stove safer, more secure and more durable;
- it consumes the generated heat more rationally, even at the end of the cooking process the structure will be warm.
If you plan to install a barbecue in half-closed gazebos or terraces, an additional advantage may be that the stove will heat the room, which will allow you to relax comfortably in nature even in the cold season.
There are a ton of barbecue options; everything will depend on the presence or absence of any elements in the design. Decide in advance what basic parts and special devices the furnace under construction will be equipped with.
Basically, the design is complemented by:
- integrated skewer;
- enlarged open area of the furnace, this will create the illusion of a garden fireplace;
- grill for frying;
- a niche for installing a cauldron, a barbecue with a cauldron will allow you to cook a lot of tasty and interesting dishes in the fresh air;
- separate area for barbecue;
- construction for the preparation of barbecue;
- smokehouse, etc.
The most versatile and multifunctional option will be a design that includes all of the above items. To see how stoves equipped in one way or another look like, you can study the photos of a variety of barbecue, made by yourself, including two or three or all of these add-ons.
Preparation for construction
The first important step in arranging a barbecue is to choose the place where the oven will be installed. When choosing a site for its placement, it is necessary to be guided by the following recommendations:
- The distance from the construction to the house should not be too large, since cooking will require repeated visits to the main kitchen for dishes, food, spices, etc.
- Trees and shrubs should not grow near the outbreak.
- Consider the prevailing wind direction on the site, smoke from the stove should not go towards residential premises.
Next, you need to decide what the future structure will look like, draw, or select on the construction sites, in special magazines, an approximate drawing of the barbecue, determine its dimensions.
When constructing a construction scheme, be sure to take into account the individual landscape features on the site, plan that the grill or any other main cooking surface of the barbecue is at a safe and convenient height for the cooking person.
Before starting the manufacturing process of the furnace, be sure to decide on the design of the future design, it is best that it be made in the same style with a country house, favorably complement the overall design of the land.
On a large free space, you can put a large barbecue, combining various working areas, in a small area a compact stove with an optimal set of functions will look great.
Before starting work, it is necessary to prepare materials and tools that will be needed during construction. The answer to the question: “Which brick to choose for construction and installation works?”, Is simple: for laying out a barbecue, you will need two of their types: chamotte and facing.
The first type will be used to equip the firebox and all the places that are in direct contact with the fire, the second - to form the body. To connect the bricks to each other, two types of mortar must be prepared: for the zones to which the flame will touch - clay, for the remaining places and cladding - sand-cement.
In addition to the main raw materials, in the design process you will need:
- crushed stone or gravel - they will serve as raw materials for the foundation of the furnace;
- reinforced mesh;
- boards - are used to form formwork;
- doors for the furnace and blowing;
- hob with hobs;
- main grill;
- chimney door;
- steel corners for floors;
- roofing material;
- building level;
- container for mixing the solution;
- shovel and bayonet shovels;
- Master OK;
- buckets for water.
The list of things necessary for the construction is made approximately, it can be supplemented, or, conversely, reduced, depending on the individuality of the project and the functionality of the future furnace.
After preparing all the necessary materials and tools, the direct construction of the barbecue begins. The first stage of construction is characterized by the installation of the foundation. It must necessarily correspond to the dimensions of the furnace, the larger the structure will be, the stronger will be the load applied to it.
You can pay attention to the option of a strip foundation, but under a barbecue oven, a simpler, monolithic foundation is possible. To do this, you need to dig a trench 30-35 cm deep, completely cover it with a mixture of sand and gravel, or from sand and gravel, densely compact and pour with water.
After foundation equipment, formwork is constructed from boards, and a reinforced mesh is laid. Then you need to mix the concrete solution of the following components: cement, sand, gravel, gravel and water. Concrete is poured into the already mounted formwork, and covered with polyethylene until completely hardened.
After the foundation has completely dried and hardened, waterproofing is installed on it, by applying tar to it and laying on top of the roofing material.
Finally, you can proceed to the brickwork. This must be done strictly according to the designed scheme. It must be remembered that those areas that will be in direct contact with the fire must be laid out with fireclay bricks, fastening it with clay-sand mortar, the rest of the furnace is formed using facing bricks.
The main thing is to strictly follow the set pattern, observe the number of bricks stacked in a row, do not forget that the mortar used for construction gives some shrinkage, therefore, every 5-7 laid out brick rows, it is necessary to take a break for at least a day, and only after by this time proceed with laying the next rows.
In fact, building a barbecue on your own is not as difficult as it seems at first glance. The main thing is to draw up a clear and detailed project of the future construction, a clear, step-by-step construction scheme, choose high-quality materials and tools for installation, spare no time and effort, and be very enthusiastic about the work process.
After devoting several days to the construction, for many years you will be able to enjoy delicious dishes prepared with the help of a self-built oven - barbecue.
DIY barbecue photo
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