How to level a plot - 100 photos of ideas and expert advice on how to level a plot with your own hands
There are many reasons why a land plot may be uneven. You can give the proper look by leveling the landscape. Moreover, the more shortcomings, the more efforts will have to be made.
Plots of small size can be leveled on their own - you just have to take time, show desire and patience. If necessary, seek help from relatives and friends.
However, a large area with large recesses, elevations and slopes will be difficult to level on its own. You may need to get rid of the entire top layer. In this case, it is recommended to contact organizations that perform similar types of work and have the necessary special equipment.
What is the need
The irregularities of the site will show their shortcomings when they decide to plant a garden on it, place beds or some structure.
An uneven surface can become an obstacle when laying a track or foundation. In this case, irregularities can cause unreliability of objects. That is, they can lead to a danger to the owner of the site or members of his family. Therefore, it is better to do everything efficiently and reliably.
And the appearance as a whole will significantly improve if the site is pre-aligned. We present to your attention a photo of a flat area:
Align on time
The ideal time to start work comes after the completion of the house, the communication system, before the tracks are laid out on the site, decorations and recreational facilities are placed.
As for the seasons, it is best to level the plot in the fall, as during the winter-spring period, heavy rainfall and low temperatures will contribute to the shrinkage of the soil and nourish it with additional minerals and fertilizers. The latter will be a plus for gardeners.
We turn to the question of how to level the plot. The site can be leveled with the help of a walk-behind tractor, while defects will be eliminated in height up to fifteen centimeters. This method requires further refinement manually. It is carried out, for example, by means of a rake - to smooth out small irregularities with uniform movements.
A more radical way is a tractor with a bucket. Thus, large clods can be leveled. If you decide to level the site with a tractor, the scope of work will be one meter in depth.
Different from the previously listed method will be falling asleep on top of an uneven layer of a new one. The most effective such method for comparing slopes.
The easiest way to align is to use the services of a specialized organization. Order the tractor that can best level the surface. Machining is best complemented by steam. As a rule, the cost of such services does not exceed thousands of rubles and payment for refueling.
We get rid of all unnecessary
Before you start leveling directly the soil layer, you need to remove all rubbish and trash: the remains of building materials, waste, stones, trees and branches, plants. You can do this yourself or order the services of special services.
It is most convenient to remove excess from the site in the spring, after the snow and water come off, and the top layer of the earth dries out a little.
A unique technology is the use of steam in order to level the plot in the country.Exposure to steam will ensure evenness of the surface in the future, rid the soil of weeds, and will resist pests.
Steam treatment can be carried out independently - scald the upper fertile layer of the earth with boiled water, thereby destroying microbes, bacteria and so on.
In addition to boiling water, to get, for example, an even area under the lawn, you can use the technique - steam engines will relieve problems with a layer of about thirty centimeters.
Instead of steam, you can treat the soil with such substances as sulfur (can be used in the form of sulfur balls), lime, copper oxide.
It is more rational to process large areas (from five hectares) by ordering appropriate services from the relevant organization. Professionals will do the job better and more accurately. For example, using a cultivator. In different regions, the cost of such a service will be different. Influence on the price and the state of the surface of the land.
So, the average rental price of special equipment varies from 1.5 to 2 thousand. And the call of a consulting specialist and his services is from 2.5 to 4.5. Removing a tree, shrub, hemp on average will cost about 500 rubles. For leveling the site will have to pay depending on its size - the number of square meters.
These are approximate prices, to which, in case of ordering the site to be leveled, the company should add the payment of soil fillers, various expenses, for example, transportation costs. It is cheaper to level the summer cottage yourself, spending less money on consulting and renting special equipment.
How to process the site yourself
You can align a small area with your own hands. In this case, you need to remember some rules. Conducting leveling work must begin with the removal of the topsoil. It is better to move the removed layer beyond the edge of the plot.
To get a flat surface, break large clods, dig out protruding irregularities, shift the soil into the recesses. If in the process of work surplus land appears - it can be moved to a greenhouse or simply removed from the site.
It is better to cultivate the soil in twenty days, since during this period it will sit down enough. It does not hurt to carry out soil cultivation.
The final stage of processing is rake work. With this tool you can remove small bumps and small debris.
What to do when soil fertility is reduced
In the process of leveling the land, the fertile layer is partially exported. Here you need to remember that such soil is quite rich in fertilizers, so do not immediately get rid of it.
You can use such land in a greenhouse or distribute it on top of the plot with a uniform layer. Oxygen saturation by loosening can add fertility to the upper layer.
If the fertility of the soil was still lost, or too thin a layer remained, then soil rich in substances and fertilizers can always be bought at a specialized store.
In this case, it is not necessary to completely replace the land on the site, it is enough to mix a little with the existing one. You can also make up the fertile layer with sand, ash and lime.
You can align the land on the site yourself, using the support of friends or the help of specialists. At the same time, it is better to use the appropriate tools and special equipment, as well as treat the advice of professionals with due attention.
Photo tips for leveling a plot
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